Inorganic raw materials in a circular economy

Inorganic raw materials play a fundamental role in society and the economy, e.g. in energy storage. Overcoming the predicted shortage of some raw materials and achieving a sustainable supply of inorganic raw materials is elementary not only for industry but also for everyday applications. Therefore, it is necessary to pursue new circular and resource-efficient paths.

To enable a circular economy for inorganic raw materials, novel methods, technical solutions and strategies are needed.


  • Resource efficiency
  • Primary and secondary raw material sources
  • Urban mining
  • Recycling / Recovery of resources
  • Remanufacturing / Refurbishing
  • Sustainability
  • New business models
  • Digitalization (tools) for inorganic raw materials for circular economy